■■■■ / '■ , , T ' ■■ ■ ' '■ - ■ ■ -
Plainville, Mass., November 19, 1920
TIME LOST IN HOURS
LARGEST NUMBER OCCTTR ON MONDAY
Three Hundred Fifty-nine Acci-
dent Cases During Year of
Accidents in various factories have
been analyzed and the results dis-
played to the employees on charts. The
information about causes and results,
thus clearly set forth, has been of
j^rreat value in the safety program car-
How to eliminate or reduce acci-
dents ii the problem of practically
o\er.y industrial plant, because mis-
h.aps not only curtail production but
cost money both to employers and to
workers. And the workers are the
ones who must do the suffering.
Most large plants now have safety
departments like our own, which has
already proved effective in accident
prevention and seems likely to main-
tain or better its present record.
This firm is keeping an accurate
record of every accident occurring in
the factory. These records are kept
at the factory hospital. It is the time-
losing mishaps that come in for par-
ticular attention in the efforts of the
safety department to prevent recur-
We are going to prepare charts and
place them on exhibition. You will see
at what hour of the day, and what
days in the week, most accidents oc-
cur. These charts will tell a graphic
story, and we want our employees to
see them. The fingers are the most sub-
ject to injury. Our records show 238
finger cases, hanati 40, head 9, spine 1,
eyes 8, face 8, legs 3, foot 2, arms 30,
body 2, infections 5, fractures 3, a to-
tal of 359 accident cases, 30 of which
resulted in loss of time during 1918-
1919. But since December, 1919,
when our new hospital was completed,
only 7 accident cases lost time. That
is clue not only to the prevention of
accidents, but to the fact that our em-
ployees do not hesitate to go to the
nurse for treatment.
Ihe Burroughs Adding Machine
Co. states tliat ni cheekuig up tlie ac-
(Conllnued on page 2)
Stamp and Press,
Gold Dept. "B",
Whiting Chain Co.,
BANG ! BANG ! BANG !
Bang, went Heck's trusty rifle and
Horace was minus one duck. This
was how it happened. One day last
week Heck rushed in and (like a good
fellow) told Bird about seeing three
three wild ducks on Weatherell's
Pond. After thinking it over. Heck
decided that if he wanted any of the
ducks he'd have to get up early in the
morning in order to beat Bird to the
Pond. Heck got up before five, don-
ned his hunting suit, grabbed his gun
and made for the pond before sunrise.
Just as it was getting light, he no-
ticed three black spots coming towards
him. He up with his gun and shot
oi.e of them. After taking the duck
Home, he couldn't get to the factory
quick enough to tell the boys about his
l,'0()d luck. Bird listened (with that
.>mile of his) and then asked Heck if
he knew that Cheever owned a few
wild ducks. After things had cleared
and lieck had come to, he was in-
formed that Bill Sweet had swapped
iliree Mallard ducks, which are of the
wild sjx'cies, with Clieever, for a bam-
boo pole. Heck then knew that he was
elected to settle with Cheever for the
Our Pay Roll
OVER 900 ENVELOPES PUT UP EACH
Dick dolls up nicely, now there are
.some new girls in the .Joining Room.
Time Cards, Job Cards, Pay Slips
and Envelopes Take over 2V2
Hours Each Week
Once a week, usually on a Wednes-
day, we hear the eagle scream. Men
may come and men may go, but our
pay days must go on forever — we
hope. And, in order that it should go
on, there must necessarily be work at-
We have at present something like
seven hundred employees here in the
factory, without counting our Middle-
boro and Woonsocket Branches, nor
our outside workers. An estimate of
900 envelopes in the payroll wouldn't
be very far from correct. That means
900 time-cards, 900 pay slips and en-
velopes, plus the work on job slips,
which is no small nor mean item.
About one-third of our factory is
on job work, and nearly everyone has
from one to thirty job slips a week,
and every one a time-card. In order
to turn these out in the time allowed,
we must follow a routine.
The first step comes on Monday
morning when the cards are brought
in and figured. Every card has to be
figured and cheeked besides being
placed in numerical order to corre-
spohd with tlie names and numbers on
the payroll sheet.
i lien the number of hours turned
in on every card is transferred to the
payroll sheet and pay slips. This done,
one person has to figure the slips and
anotiier the sheets, the amounts being
.set down in pencil on the sheet to al-
low for errors. The amount figured,
it is copied from the slip to the en-
velope and then both slip and envelope
are cliecked with the sheet so that both
Meanwhile (and this takes the
greater part of Monday) the job slips
are being figured, and when ready,
tiie amounts are placed on slip, en-
velope and sheet. This completes tlu'
snop paxroll in one respect.
1 he pay slips are distributed .on
Tuesday morning and then ^Ir. Bob
(Continued on page 3)
by the Employees of Whitingr & Davis
Company, Plainville, Mass.
J. O. Gannon, Chairman
W. M. Fuller Lee Higsrins F. Gaddes
O. Soderstrom H. B. Rowan
C. H. Peasley
COMMERCIAL PRESS- PRINTtRS
BEING ON TIME
The siiceessfiil men, no matter what
their callintr, know the value of time.
"William Matthews calls them "misers
of minutes," and what waste should
they pruard ajrainst more carefully
than that of the golden minutes which
Napoleon won hundreds of battles
by being on time or a little before
time. Later, when he had groAvn fat-
ter and less fit, he was defeated be-
cause of the promptness and punct-
uality of Blucher, which enabled
Wellinnrton to turn a drawn battle in-
In business a man should not only
be punctual to the minute with en-
erajrements which he makes, but with
all implied engagements. He should
be at his desk or at his post in the of-
fice, store or shop on time, and regu-
larly during business hours, just as a
soldier should be on duty at any given
There is no excuse for irregularity,
and the man wlio isn't on the job all
the time will find himself out of a job
in double-quick time.
Watch your business or working
minutes. Make each of them pay you
a real return. — Am. Stationer,
(The above article expresses the
p]ditor's views much better than he
(Continued from page I)
eidents, they find that the largest
numlier occurs to day workers on
JMonday mornings, and a study of this
condition discloses that the employees
do not get settled down to work
promptly enough after their Saturday
afternoon and Sunday holidays. There
is always a falling off in the number
of accidents on Tuesday, because they
remained at home and rested on Mon-
In support of this statement, atten-
tion was called to the fact that acci-
dents increased again on Wednesday,
indicating that the victims went out
Tuesday nights. Accidents reached
their peak during the last working
hours on Saturday forenoon, and this
is explained by fatigue overtaking
them. Another cause for the accident
line climbing upward toward the end
of the week was due to the haste of
piece-workers. Some employees take
it easy during the beginning of the
week. They expect to catch up later.
They are less careful, thereby subject-
ing themselves to injury.
The majority of accidents occurred
from 10 a. m! to 11.30 a. m., when
Hearing dinner time. This was due
to employees being hungry and tired.
What is said about the Company
above mentioned, can be applied to
our employees as well.
Our records show the same fluctua-
tion and the charts will tell you.
Therefore, be very careful. Be prompt
about getting to your work. Fight off
lassitude and sluggishness and you
will join our accident prevention cam-
"Beware of being satisfied with
.yourself . ' '
"The only difference between a rut
and a grave is the width and depth."
"If you are truly rich, you could
lose all your money and still be rich."
"All men are pretty much alike —
but it is their unlikeness that is im-
— T. N. CARVER.
The summer brides are leaving us,
We're sorry to see them go.
But their places are filled up quickly
Its the way of the world, you know.
The Boss must now get busy,
Some more desks to make ;
For help is coming faster
Than he has room to take.
Since the men were all provided
With cuspidors so new,
•Toe must have got excited,
For his is broke in two.
0, where is Freddie now?
We are very much concerned
To know the reason why he left
And why he never returned.
His successor's in no danger —
I'll tell yon the reason why.
Its just because he fails to have
A "come hither'' look in his eye.
The windows that have been opaque
Are glistening in the sun ;
Someone had a happy tliou^ht
And washed them, every one.
We now can see our chauffeur,
A-speeding doAvn the line;
Can also see the weather
And see it rain or shine.
Often wl:ile we're soldering rings.
Someone near will call,
"Look, see Corina's new silk stock-
We look and see th.em (all).
Do you wish to learn the shimmy?
Beatrice will teach you how,
She practices here so often
She's a craeker-jack at it now.
"Sylvia's toothpick wa.s missing,"
"And lumber 'd gone up."" you
But he swallowed his toothpick,
lumber went down.
Now don"t tell him whatever you
— HATTIE GOODWIN.
WA D CO NEWS
SOLDER FILLED WIRE
(Continued from last Issue)
After turning down the surface of
the ingot to a perfectly smooth cir-
cumference, we then drill a hole 3-8
inch to 1-2 inch in diameter right
through the center of the material and
insert a rod of silver solder, that
agrees with the metal, in the hole. The
solder is fluxed with borax before in-
serting and the solder filled ingot is
then heated in a special furnace until
the solder and shell run together as
one metal. Thus you contrive the
solder filling. Great care must be ex-
ercised in making the solder and in-
serting it, for should there be a small
bubble in it, or a crack, the process
of drawing down would stretch it sev-
eral hundred j^ards, and that much
wire and the labor on it would be
wasted. "Mountains from Mole-
hills" fits wire-drawing. From the
fins'' ing the ii^got is taken to a big
twelve-ton roll and here it is rolled
down to a size of .205 in. thickness.
In the rolling it is necessary to anneal
the metal several times to keep it soft
enough to work. When rolled to .205,
the ingot, now large wire, is trans-
ferred to a reducer, pointed and in-
serted between a pair of matched re-
ducing dies, which reduce and stretch
the wire noticeably. After each oper-
ation, annealing is again necessary. In
the process of rolling and reducing,
the wire becomes misshaped and it is
necessary to take the heavy coils of
v/ire from the reducer and draw the
material down further on the Bull
Block. The end of the wire is again
pointed and inseried through a draw-
plate hole several thousandths in di-
ameter, sm.iller than the wire itself,
and the protruding end is caught in
a jaw-vise and pulled through the hole
slill further lengthening the wire.
This operation is repeated several
t ni(s, unlil the w're is down from .125
through a large ten strain machine,
to aroi;nd .045 and then commences
the real wire-drawing operation. Here
wc \s,Q what are called Diamond Dies.
Diamond is a substance so hard and
dural le that it is ideal for the purpose
of ])reventir.g the bulging wire from
wide; ling the hole through which it is
drav»'!i. Again we point the end of
the wire, insert it through the die, an
ati'air that looks like a silver quarter
v.'itli a small hole in the center, and
draw down the wire to the desired
thickness. The original coil rests on
a spool and the end is carried through
the die. The die is then stationed
against a solid steel rack and the wire
drawn through and fastened to anoth-
er spooler on the other side of the ma-
chine. While the operation is per-
formed, the wire runs through a solu-
After having reduced our product
to .009 i)i diameter, we proceed to
spool on reels of standard size and
forward them to Mr. Berkley for his
pleasure or maledictions. We hope
for his plea.sure in the future, for
just as the rest of the factory is a sue
cess, we believe this must be also.
In closing let's all hope for success.
Mr. Berkley's pleasure, Bill's ser-
aphic smile, and Hattie minus her
I'ervous condition. It's big smiles for
us all if it goes right, and our fault
if it goes wrong.
OUR PAY ROLL
(Continued from page I)
does his big bit. The abstract has to
be figured. In something like three
hours he has to compile a correct list
of the number of pennies, nickels,
dimps, quarters and halves needed, as
well as the correct denominations in
his bills. This brings the payroll out
"io a cent when it is put up in the en-
It takes approximately 2 3/4 hours
to put change and bills in 900 envel-
opes and to seal the envelopes, with
three men on the job.
At present there are verj' few firms
using the written receipt for the pay,
and even though it means more work,
wh.en you stop to think of the record
we have in our file, it seems to be
well worth it.
So ye who "crab" when your pay is
wrong — when you denounce "those
dumb bells on the payroll," jilease re-
member that they're human beings
aiid therefore perfectly apt to make a
mistake. The lannber of changes that
are coi:stantly going into effect make
it doubly hard, and twice as easy for
us to be wrong.
We have all been much interested
here in articles published, particular-
ly those pertaining to manufacturing
processes on solder filled wire, mesh,
burnishing, etc., and have been espec-
ially impressed with the idea of care-
fulness in manufacture and operations
as pointed out by the difi'erent writ-
ers, as we receive some of our goods
from the main factory partially man-
ufactured. If goods reach us in poor
condition we cannot, as you can there,
return them to the responsible partv
to be done over but have to make the
best of it and repair and patch up
ourselves or if goods are not in con-
dition so that we can do so, are obliged
10 scrap them, which is an expensive
l)roceeding in either case, of course
you who are working on the goods do
n')t know where they are going which
'iiry goes to show that for your own
interests as well as those of the firm if
it up to all to see that goods are
turiicd out a.s nearly perfect as pos-
We have also been very much in-
terested in the Middleboro coin -an.
This brings out several points which
affect in more or less degree all
branches, particularly our own, a,s
brought out in their last article about
other factories closing up and being
dull. We are having the .same exper-
ience here in this city, but to date
have had enough business to keep all
at work, which goes to show that we
are working on the goods which peo-
— L. W. COOK.
doing home on the car at night.
Tired, hungry — just starved for a
Acro.ss the aisle you chance to see
Side by side as nice as can be,
Lillie St. John and I\Iabel I.
Serenely eating custard pie.
It is rumored that Henry Labrie is
going to eml)ark on tiie sea of matri-
We wish to make known the fact
that Felix, our boss, rises daily at five
a. m., and milks the cow before com-
ing to work. We wager no other de-
partment claims a boss like oui*s. No
use talking, folks, Felix is clever.
CAUGHT IN THE MESH
Lucinda loves to sing hymns. She's
alwaj's singing them. Beatrice at the
same bench got impatient with her
one dav and called out "Hev, Lucin-
da! Can that (Junk^." "B" meant
"We hear that Renhock, our number
two fixer, went to Milford last Sun-
day. Someone said they had good
"Wliat would Lena do if .short skirts
went out of style?
No wonder Denniese Sirois likes
Plainville. She can not only get work,
but also a fellow to take her to the
dance, even if he is "Punk."
^Vlien "Happy" smiles at Lou-Lou,
Isabelle gets a little sore.
Then Irene turns the tables,
And "Happy" says no more.
HEALTH HINTS, NO. 7
Typhoid Fever may be defined
as a general infection due to ' ' bac-
illus typhosis," characterized by
ulceration of the follicles of the in-
testines, enlargement of the spleen,
and essential changes in the tissue
of other organs. In most cases it
can be attributed to defective
drainage and impure water. Im-
proper ventilation, bad food, filthy
homes, help to lower the resistive
power of the individuals.
^Ijiiiptoms. A rose colored erup-
tion, diarrhoea, digestive disorder,
gas, abdominal tejiderness. In se-
rious ca.ses, the nervous symptoms
are intensified and the tempera-
ture remains high.
Complications are excessive
diarrhoea, intestinal hemorrhage,
inflammation of the gall bladder,
retention of urine, pneiimonia,
ph'urisy, nephritis and bronchitis.
Cleanliness and quietness are of
the utmost importance. Proper
cart" of the mouth is essential in
preventing re-infection. Wliile
taking care of the patient, always
scrub tlie hands before taking food.
B. G. COTE,
(To be continued)
Strange, how hard luck will follow
a fellow ! Reynolds, of the Stamp
Room, was married and in an automo-
bile accident, all in two weeks.
The fellow in the brown derby says
that Eva Contois must have had an
elephant time in "Her Baby's Arms."
Charles Winters wants it clearly
understood that he is a woman-hater.
Charlotte, like the birds, is going
south for the winter.
Buhlia Ralyea, Walter Main's as-
sistant, says that she sincerely hopes
that he will be more careful the next
time he goes skunk hunting.
Felix has a paddle to use on his
girls who come in late. Now all he
needs is the courage to use it.
A fellow joker asked Chet Spence
of the Planning Department if his last
name was "Suspense" or "Dis-
pense." His shopmate beside him an-
swered before Chet had a chance and
said, "By the way he is courting at
the present time it will soon be 'Ex-
Nobody seems to have heard of the
W. & D. Co. Bowling Team yet.
Where can it be?
Only a few more weeks and we will
be able to use our new Rolling Room.
The Chain Company is about to run
a "Popular Girl" contest with Jennie
Hotchberg and Helen Wagner as the
Henry: "Have you heard Rosa's
voic^» over the telephone?"
Coffee: "Yes, and that's all I have
heard since I've been here."
Why don 't you try and move nearer
the shop, Katie? You won't have so
far to go.
Mr. Collins had better request the
tennis club to install electric lights by
which he can play Sunday nights.
Wedding Bells to Ring!
Although the weather was plea.sant
Friday evening, there was a "big"
shower at the home of Florence King
for Catherine Greve, who is to be mar-
ried soon. Jessie Bourgeois assisted
Florence in her clever plan and invit-
ed Catljerine to hear her new Sonora.
You can imagine her surprise when
the door was opened to find twenty-
five of her friends waiting in silence.
The house was prettily decorated in
white crepe paper, and especially the
chair for the bride-elect, over which
was suspended a large wedding bell.
Th.en came the shower, from a glass
rolling pin and linen to cut glass and
silver. Then came the mock wedding
in which Tina Garwin was the bride,
Helen Jedlenski the groom and Rhea
Larocque the minister.
A dainty luncheon was then served
and after a few selections on the Son-
ora, the party broke up, all extending
their best wishes to the bride to be and
declaring their hostess the best ever.
Anj'one securing an automobile
through me will receive one-half of
my commission, if I get it. — Harvy
A sure sign of Winter — Mart Bren-
nan wears his red sweater.
Albert Beyesdorfer and Eddie De-
sautil have taken up hunting as a pas-
time. As far as we can see it is mo.st-
ly a pastime for we haven't observed
any game yet. Rabbits had better be-
ware as Eddie is a pretty good run-
;Mary says that there are some very
good singers in Gold Dept. B. She
claims they could make good before
the general public.
Timidness prevents two girls in the
Gold Dept. B from stating very plain-
ly just what they think of the faith-
fulness shown in the ' ' Watch as close-
ly campaign", carried on by two dis-
Weather is getting cold for that
bread line every noon. Why not go in
and sit down while waiting ?
A man in North Attleboro. upon
asking a W. & D. Co. employer how
business was, received the answer,
"Fine." He replied, "Well, you "re
lucky, is all I can say. ' '